The education system is one of the major pillars of any nation. It is not only the feed for rational and progressive outlook for the minds of the people living in the society but also an essential leverage to differ stages of social order. With education the literacy rate of a society increases causing scope of appropriate employment generation. With successful employment generation, various aspects of the society get enriched with professionalism and the wheel of progression keeps on spinning. This ideal situation stems poverty, stabilizes the economy and professes a healthy polity. But it is not always the case.
The current education hierarchy of India is failing. The lack of proper conduct, uneven distribution of resources, political influences, corruption, over the ceiling population expanse and dearth of sensibility is dragging the whole education system of India through the mud. Consequence of this scenario being the drop in the number of professional in various sectors of the society such as healthcare, technology, education itself and many more.
The most affected domain is, without any doubt, the healthcare sector. A handful number of medical institutions, a large number of yearly pass outs and high competition is mowing down the profession of doctor in the country. Many of the meritorious students are shying away from the medical profession as they are unable to cope up with the high stress of competitive entrance examinations or simply because of their inability to carry on the expenses for the long course of medical degree.
In the yesteryears, the number of medical colleges was few in the country but so was the rate of literacy. Whatever the ratio was, most of the cream students would study MBBS or other medical degrees and India would always have a good number of accomplished professional doctors in the hospitals. But with the advent of technology, incorporation of new curriculum and integration of political & corruptive gains in the education sector, the number of medical colleges remained the same whereas the number of candidates aspiring to be doctor kept on rising. With an approaching tipping over point in the imminent future, the Government of India made a move to subside the situation, the formation of NEET (National Eligibility and Entrance Test) council for medical course admissions.
The move was quite bold. A single all India medical entrance exam will poll in all the medical colleges, both government and private ones, giving the elevated number of candidates a wider pasture and a fairer chance. This was also a tactic to control the expensive capitation fee system, costly study course and corruption. NEET is a great plan of action but it is simply not a very prudent one when considering the huge candidacy number and lack of educational & infrastructural means. The NEET concept is - a too little done, too late – kind of endeavour.
The immediate statistics about the medical entrance test system and the number of medical institutions in India will quite amicably address the reason.
With the start of the NEET protocol, the first thing that was put into consideration was the sum total number of MBBS medical seats available in the country. There are about 64542 seats in the country with about 30455 seats belonging to the government medical colleges and rest to the private administrations. Out of these 15% i.e. 8248 seats are allocated for the students appearing from the ALL INDIA zone and the remaining 85% belong to the students appearing from the states. The general process of selection is conducted by shortlisting double the number of candidates to the available number of seats against each zone, who have successful scored above the cut-off mark. Now herein lies the irony and idiocy of the NEET system. According to the proposed & followed selection procedure only about 130000 (approx.) students would get the opportunity to appear for the MBBS medical entrance counselling among the mammoth 1326725 of registered number of candidates who appeared in the 2018 NEET. If such is the real stats of the situation then the condition of medical study is indeed dire in the country.
The façade is not over yet. It is observed that in the qualification round about 714562 candidates from all categories were selected in the 2018 NEET against an all-round 97680 medical seats. The seats comprise of both medical and paramedical degrees in different states constituting of government & private colleges (MBBS-66620, BDS-27060, Ayush-2000, BHMS-2000). These figures clearly brings the question about the credibility of the NEET because the number of selected candidates is about 7 folds the number of seats which is way over the original 1:2 ratio. Moreover the high cut-off is bombarding the confidence and hopes of the aspirants. The 2018 NEET cut-off was 691-119 for unreserved category and 691-96 for the reserved categories. And it is better not to talk about the actual admission cut-off. The real scenario was more inhumane with government colleges starting with scores ranging from 691-429 and the going scores of the private colleges was 400-187 this year. It is clear as light that the free education is for some 50000 students while the other 50000 has to do with high capitation fees. For the rest hopes for a next try and broken dreams is all there is left. Of course pursing medical in foreign medical institutions is also an option but for a few with rich financial status and strong mental fortitude.
The students in India, with the ambition to pursue medical studies, are getting frustrated due to this cut throat competitions and the expensive toil. Many students are opting for other streams and student with means are travelling abroad to study medical. The condition in the foreign sector is good for the healthcare studies because there are a lot of practical opportunities, medical infrastructural scopes and medical institutions but it is not very favourable for the Indian students vying for it.
The main countries of medical studies are USA, Canada, Australia, UK, Germany and so on. But the problem in these countries is the expensive course fee and huge cost of living along with immigration issues. The countries like Ukraine, China are more viable in the financial front but the stay in these countries is quite difficult as most of the studies are done in aboriginal language and a very little energy remains left in the students for studying medical sciences after hurdling with language and cultural barriers. Having said that, these abroad colleges are way faster in the curriculum ventures than ours. If a student can afford the expenses and settle down well in the foreign environment then the aspirant will most definitely become a successful professional doctor.
In the conclusion the only inference that we can draw from the stats and analysis is, pursuing MBBS or any other medical studies in India is quite a troublesome affair if one does not possess the highest possible level of intellect or an unlimited money stash. In India a will to act is not enough to pursue MBBS anymore. The government is trying to control the scenario by opening new medical colleges but it will take up quite some time to make the medical sector thrive again.
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